The book is divided into two volumes. Volume 1 deals with the concepts, principles and procedures of financial accounting. Volume 2 (suitable for NQF level 6) deals with accounting for partnerships, close corporations, branches and manufacturing entities. Volume 2 also covers some management accounting principles such as budgets and the analysis and interpretation of financial statements. It introduces the reader to companies and discusses ordinary shares and different types of preference shares, the calculation of dividends in respect of the different share types, conversions and debentures issues at par, at a discount and at a premium. This edition has been updated with the March 2018 Conceptual Framework and introduces International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) to readers. The standards that are covered in Volume 2 are IAS 1 (presentation of financial statements), an introduction to financial instruments, and IAS 7 (cash flows).